教授來了 | 震驚世界的2019年美國大學招生丑聞過后,各大Top美本的招生之路該怎么走?

來源:SOHU  [  作者:Foundation范迪信   ]  責編:從大磊  |  侵權/違法舉報

原標題:教授來了 | 震驚世界的2019年美國大學招生丑聞過后,各大Top美本的招生之路該怎么走?

今年3月美國司法部起訴50多名社會精英人士,指控他們通過賄賂方式(找教練偽造運動員身份,槍手替考SAT等)讓孩子違規進入多所美國藤校

本次招生舞弊案涉案金額高達650萬美元,涉案人員除了大學體育教練、招生官,剩下清一色的都是美國富裕階層:有好萊塢演員、上市公司CEO、投資人等,而牽連的學校有耶魯大學、斯坦福大學、喬治城大學等等11所頂尖美本,堪稱是美國高校史上最大規模的受賄案。

好萊塢女演員費莉西蒂·赫夫曼

圖片來自網絡

目前,該案不少涉案人員已經認罪,包括出演經典美劇《絕望主婦》的好萊塢女演員費莉西蒂·赫夫曼(Felicity Huffmann)9月份她被法庭宣判監禁14天,罰款3萬美元和社區服務250個小時。

這樣一起震驚世界的美國高校招生丑聞

在引發輿論海嘯的同時

會對現行的美本招生的錄取規則

帶來什么影響和改變么?

來聽聽Dan教授怎么說吧~

Dan Sarofian-Butin 教授

MIT麻省理工學院管理科學學士

弗吉尼亞大學教育博士

  • 15年教授生涯教授了本科生及研究生近千人
  • 曾接受過《洛杉磯時報》、英國廣播公司和《福布斯》雜志的采訪
  • 于杜克大學、多倫多大學和喬治·華盛頓大學等機構進行會談并發表演講
  • 出版及編輯近100份學術文章,包括7本書已被翻譯成三種不同語言

……

現受邀為Foundation美本申請專欄作家

和大學申請戰略顧問

一批美國名人和金融大佬花費數萬甚至數十萬美元,讓他們的孩子進入著名大學,這場大規模大學招生舞弊鬧劇被美國聯邦調查局(FBI)發起的校園藍調行動(Operation Varsity Blues)曝光后徹底終止。

然而一切并沒有完全結束。

這場丑聞正在動搖美國大學的錄取規則,而我認為這可能給美國大學招生系統帶來一次最好的變革。

我的理由如下:

01

大學開始重視體育生錄取審核

在這次丑聞中,案件的主犯辛格通過賄賂大學里的運動員主管和教練而獲取錄取資格,因為各個大學其實從未真正關注過體育生的入學門檻。

現在,情況開始變了。

比如南加州大學目前規定:

每位體育生候選人的檔案都將進行三重審查,分別由總教練、負責團隊監督的高級體育行政人員和南加州大學合規運動員辦公室審閱。總教練將用書面證明的形式標明錄取學生具有運動特長。同時還將在每個學年的開始和結束時對運動員名冊進行審核,并與招生名單進行交叉核對。

喬治城大學也是一樣,他們正在調查:

是否有已被錄取的學生不在他們的體育生名冊上

這里的關鍵在于,依靠體育錄取的學生基數并不大,體育生在所有本科生中所占的比例不到3%,在大學錄取名額里占比很低。

02

捐款和贈予不等于大學入場券

大學現在開始對捐贈和贈予等大學錄取相關的“后門”態度更加明確,大額捐款并不能幫助孩子獲得大學入場券。

在這次的招生丑聞中,主犯辛格靠賄賂教練數十萬美元就成功。而現實還有一種情況是:像在哈佛、耶魯這樣的學校,如果家長花費幾千萬美金去命名幾棟樓或設施,那么也有很大可能拿到名校入場券。

但現在這些也已經開始改變。

例如,查普曼大學(Chapman University)現在規定,將在招生和籌款之間建立一個更強的壁壘。尤其是針對招生過程方面,最好避免準學生(或其代表)提供的任何潛在的不當影響,比如交換一些有價值的東西以換取入場券。

查普曼大學(Chapman University)

這些都是好事。

我認為,這些改變幫助我們意識到招生制度是合理的并且沒有被人操縱。當然,并不意味著學生就更容易進入任何特定的大學。

這里透露出一個好消息:不能保證任何人都可以被錄取。

這就是為什么這種招生丑聞在某些方面是對所有人來說都是一件好事。沒有這些側門和后門,招生系統實際上可以按預期的方式運行。

這意味著學生必須通過自己的努力申請大學,而不是靠一些欺騙的手段。

其實,能進入名校固然是好

但這只是第一步

更重要的是之后的大學4年

以及今后漫長的人生之路

如果家長靠著偽造、欺騙和作弊的方式

讓孩子進入一所遠超自己能力的大學

那么是否考慮過孩子接下來要面對什么?

在全是優秀競爭者的校園里

孩子是否能跟上學習?

孩子是否能適應這個節奏?

是否會面臨被退學的風險?

如果被退學,那么費勁心機靠欺騙

進入名校的意義又在哪里呢?

這是值得家長們深思的問題

Dan教授全文如下:

(向上滑動閱讀)

the US College Admissions Scandal

“Operation Varsity Blues” -- the FBI’s sting operation into a massive college admissions scam run by Richard Singer -- has already charged several dozen parents with mail fraud and money laundering and shaken the admissions world of elite colleges and universities. From the outside, it looks like something straight out of a movie: celebrities and financial moguls paid tens and even hundreds of thousands of dollars to get their kids into prestigious universities such as USC and Yale. The money went to bribe coaches, to hire others to take the SATs, to write the kids’ application.

Part of me wants to laugh at how amateurish it all was. One high school student had his head photoshopped onto another kid pole vaulting. Another student claimed to be a “top 50” ranked tennis player and she didn’t even play tennis. Another didn’t even know how to fill out her own college application.

But what’s not funny at all is how this scandal is changing the world of college admissions. There’s been a lot of conversation -- in public and behind closed doors -- of what should be done. So here’s what I believe: I think this is the best thing that could have happened to the college admissions world.

Let me explain.

First and foremost, this scandal is good because colleges and universities are finally talking about and admitting that they have never really paid close attention to the “side door” of college admissions for athletes, which Richard Singer used to bribe athletic directors and coaches. USC, for example, now says that "Every student-athlete candidate"s file will be reviewed on three levels -- by the head coach, the senior sports administrator overseeing the team, and the USC Office of Athletics Compliance -- before being sent to the admissions staff. The head coach will certify in writing that the student is being recruited for athletic abilities. Athletic rosters will be audited at the beginning and end of every academic year and cross-checked with admissions lists.” Georgetown University is doing something similar, as they will investigate “whether any recruited students are not on the roster of the sport for which they were recruited.” Several other universities are doing similar things. The key thing to note is that we are not talking about a large number of students. Student-athletes make up less than 3% of all undergraduates, and that number is much lower in Division I institutions.

It’s also good news because colleges and universities are now also being more honest about the “back door” of college admissions that is linked to donations and “legacies.” It is really important to realize that part of the reason that Richard Singer was so successful at asking for hundreds of thousands of dollars to bribe coaches is because it now takes a $10+ million dollar gift to try and influence an admissions decision at an elite institution. The dirty secret is that at places like Harvard and Yale such gifts -- to name buildings and faculty chairs -- grease the wheels of backroom admissions. But that is beginning to change. Chapman University, for example, now says that they will create a “stronger barrier between admissions and fund-raising, especially in terms of the admission process, to best avoid any potential undue influence where a prospective student (or his or her representative) offers to exchange something of value for admission.” That’s a fancy way of saying that a major gift no longer buys you admission.

These are all good things. These changes, I would argue, help us to accept that the admissions system really works and is not rigged. This of course doesn’t mean it’s easier now to get into any specific college or university. But what it does do is offer the best news of all: that there are no guarantees of who gets in.

Let me explain one more time.

What Richard Singer promised his clients were guarantees. “They [the parents] want guarantees,” SInger is heard bragging in one of the FBI wiretaps. “They want this thing done. They don’t want to be messing around with this thing. And so they want in at certain schools...My families want a guarantee.”

But life isn’t like that. It’s not a straight line down a narrow path. I understand the desire to cheat the system. When Yale admits just 2,000 students out of 37,000 applicants, when Harvard rejects more than half the valedictorians that apply, when UCLA has close to 100,000 applications...it all seems hopeless.

Which is why this admissions scandal is in some ways the best thing that can happen to all of us. Without those side doors and back doors, the admissions system can actually just work the way it’s supposed to: without guaranteeing anyone admissions. What this means is that we must work hard to search for and find colleges and universities -- places like Franklin & Marshall College, the University of Richmond, Syracuse University, or dozens of others -- that offer an incredible education rather than a fake “guarantee.”

如果你也有關于美國學校的問題想問我們的博士老師

也可以下方留言或者私信小范你的問題

我們會在之后的文章中邀請Dan教授來解答哦

期待你們的留言哦~

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