初中英語完形填空練習題

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  初中英語完形填空自測練習題(1)

  The generation gap(代溝)has become a 1 problem. I read a 2 about it in the newspaper. Some children have killed themselves after quarrels(爭吵)with 3 . I think this is because they don’t often have a talk with each other. Parents now 4 more time in the office, 5 they don’t have much time to 6 with their children. As time passes, they 7 feel that they don’t have the 8 topics(話題)to talk 9 . I want to tell parents to be more with your 10 , get to know them and 11 them. And for children, show your 12 to your parents. They are the people who 13 you. So 14 them your thoughts(想法). In this way, you 15 have a better understanding of each other.

  1. A. serious B. wonderful C. necessary D. thankful

  2. A. message B. call C. report D. letter

  3. A. friends B. teachers C. classmates D. parents

  4. A. spend B. stay C. work D. have

  5. A. because B. if C. but D. so

  6. A. study B. do C. stay D. shop

  7. A. neither B. either C. all D. both

  8. A. interesting B. same C. true D. good

  9. A. about B. of C. in D. above

  10. A. business B. children C. work D. office

  11. A. get on with B. look after C. understand D. love

  12. A. interest B. secret C. trouble D. feelings

  13. A. hate B. love C. live D. speak

  14. A. tell B. ask C. answer D. say

  15. A. can B. should C. must D. would

  名師點評

  這篇文章講的是關于大家都知道但都不知道該如何處理的一個問題——代溝。代溝時時處處都有,怎樣對待它?作者給了我們一點較好的建議,相互理解,換位思考,相信這個世界一定會變得更美麗。

  答案簡析

  1.A。很顯然代溝已經是一個很嚴重的問題。

  2.C。從下文可知這是報紙上的一篇報道。

  3.D。這篇文章是關于代溝的問題,所以應該是孩子和父母吵架后自殺,而不是和其他人。

  4.A。stay, work 不可能與time組成詞組,have time不符合上下文的意思。因此用spend,意為把更多的時間花在工作上。

  5.D。本句與下文的關系是因果關系。

  6.C。本句意為“因此就沒有許多時間和小孩呆在一起,這樣就會產生代溝”(與文章所談論的話題相符)。所以不可能選其他選項。

  7.D。指父母與小孩雙方都有這樣的感覺。

  8.B。沒有共同的話題。其他選項雖無語法錯誤,但不符合文章的意思。

  9.A。the same topics to talk about,這里動詞不定式充當定語修,飾前面的名詞,同時the same topics又是about的賓語。意為所談論的話題。

  10.B。當然應是多和小孩子一起。

  11.C。這幾個詞組放在這兒都沒有語法錯誤,父母一般說來都要和小孩相處(A)、照顧他們(B)、愛他們(D),但作者的意思是父母要理解小孩。

  12.D。把自己的感覺告訴給父母。

  13.B。從常識不難推斷。意為“他們是愛你們的人”。

  14.A。把你們的內心所想告訴他們。say在這里有語法錯誤,ask與answer意思不對。

  15.A。這樣你們才會更好地相互理解。這里強調“會,能”,故用can 。

  初中英語完形填空自測練習題(2)

  Mr. Miller had a shop in a big town. He 1 ladies’ clothes, and he always had two or three shop girls to 2 him. They were always 3 because they were cheaper than older women, but 4 of them worked for him for very 5 , because they were young, and they did not meet many boys in 6 shop.

  Last month a girl came to work for him. Her 7 was Helen, and she was very good.

  After a few days, Mr. Miller 8 a young man come into the shop. He went 9 to Helen, spoke to her for a few 10 and then went out of the shop. Mr. Miller was very 11 and when the young man 12 he went to Helen and said, “That young man didn’t 13 anything. What did he want to 14 ?”

  Helen answered, “He just wanted to see 15 .”

  A. kept B. sold C. made D. mended

  A. learn B. teach C. help D. follow

  A. young B. strong C. clever D. boring

  A. many B. most C. neither D. none

  A. long B. much C. soon D. often

  A. children’s B. men’s C. clothes D. women’s

  A. friend B. parent C. sister D. name

  A. realized B. guessed C. saw D. chose

  A. away B. straight C. back D. by

  A. words B. times C. things D. minutes

  A. nervous B. pleased C. surprised D. interested

  A. arrived B. left C. smiled D. finished

  A. buy B. try C. treat D. touch

  A. do B. take C. spend D. save

  A. money B. nothing C. me D. nobody

  名師點評

  這是一個幽默故事,故事簡單明了,卻說明了一個大家所共知的道理:異性相吸。

  答案簡析

  1.B。根據常識,商店是“賣東西”而不是“保存東西”,“制造東西”或“修理東西”。

  2.C。指幫他在店中打點打點。

  3.A。從后面的older women得知。

  4.D。從上文but可知,沒有一個姑娘為他工作很長時間。

  5.A。

  6.D。根據上文,這是一家賣女士服裝的商店,所以其他都不可以。

  7.D。

  8.C。see sb. do sth.,此處意為看見有人進來。

  9.B。指年輕人徑直走向Helen,故用straight,其他意思都不對。

  10.D。由于前面有介詞for,所以不可用a few words,a few times,a few things.。For a few minutes 意為“跟她說了一會兒”。

  11.C。看到這種情景當然是感到好奇。

  12.B。根據常識,他須等年輕人離開才去問Helen。

  13.A。年輕人什么也不買。

  14.A。他想干什么呢?

  15.C。

  初中英語完形填空自測練習題(3)

  Bob: In a book I was reading, some men had to 1 a desert. There was nothing 2 sand they could see. It was so large 3 it seemed to them that it had almost no 4 .

  Tom: It 5 be very hot.

  Bob: That’s right. 6 hot in a desert. But they rested 7 the day and traveled at night. .

  Tom: But there’re no trees or anything like that 8 you to get cool.

  Bob: 9 . But they had some tents (帳篷). They 10 when they were going to rest.

  Tom: That was a lot of trouble, 11 ?

  Bob: Yes. Every night 12 they 13 on the next part of the trip, they had to take the tents 14 . Then they had to put them on their camels. That’s the 15 way you can travel in a desert.

  1. A. go B. walk C. cross D. reach

  2. A. for B. and C. else D. but

  3. A. because B. that C. as D. enough

  4. A. end B. water C. people D. animals

  5. A. perhaps B. maybe C. sometimes D. must

  6. A. It always is B. It’s always C. It never is D. It’s never

  7. A. on B. at C. during D. until

  8. A. for B. to C. will D. have

  9. A. Yes B. No C. All right D. Very good

  10. A. put up them B. put them up C. made them D built them

  11. A. indeed B. too C. wasn’t it D. wasn’t that

  12. A. when B. after C. before D. when

  13. A. took B. got C. kept D. set out

  14. A. away B. down C. up D. on

  15. A. good B. first C. only D. strange

  名師點評

  本文是一個對話,關于沙漠中人們如何旅行、如何休息,其中有大量的初中部分很重要的一些詞組,如:so… that , must be , put sth. up。

  答案簡析

  1.C。cross a desert 意為“穿越沙漠”。

  2.D。nothing but 是“除了……之外什么也沒有”之意。

  3.B。固定詞組,so… that …即“如此……以至于……”。

  4.A。根據上文,此處應選end 。 “ no end”意為“無邊無際”。

  5.D。表示有把握的猜測,一定,肯定。

  6.B。根據常識,沙漠應該總是很熱。

  7.C。during the day 在白天。

  8.A。for sb. to do sth. 全句意為“沒有樹或那樣的東西讓你納涼”。

  9.B。 此句學生在做時,很容易根據中國人的思維。事實上,上文是一個否定句,如果是對整個否定句進行肯定回答,應用No,否則,用Yes。

  10.B。動詞和副詞構成的這類詞組,如果所接賓語是代詞必須放在這兩個詞之間, 如果是名詞放中間,放在后面皆可。Put them up 意為“把他們支起,搭起”。

  11.C。這是一個反意疑問句,前部分是肯定句,所以后部分要用否定形式,而且主語用人稱代詞。

  12.C。聯系上下文,意為“睡覺之前”。

  13.D。set out 意為”出發”。

  14.C。與上文的put them up相反,意為“收起帳篷”。

  15.C。唯一的方法。

  初中英語完形填空自測練習題(4)

  Overhead bridges can be seen in many parts of Singapore, in the place where traffic is very heavy and crossing the road is 1 .

  These bridges can make people 2 roads safely. Overhead bridges are used in very much the same way as zebra crossings.

  They are more efficient (效率高的), 3 less convenient (方便的) because people have to climb up a lot of steps. This is inconvenient to the old. When people 4 an overhead bridge, they do not hold up (阻擋) traffic. But when they cross a 5 road using a zebra crossing, traffic is held up. This is 6 the government (政府) has 7 many overhead bridges to help people and 8 traffic moving at the same time.

  The government of Singapore has 9 a lot of money building these bridges. For their own safety, people should be given hope to use them 10 rushing across the road. Old people may find it a little 11 climbing up and down the steps, but it is still much safer than walking across the road 12 all the moving traffic.

  Overhead bridges are very useful. People, 13 old and young, should 14 use them. This will stop accidents 15 happening.

  1. A. noisy B. not safe C. crowded D. not busy

  2. A. cross B. crossing C. across D. through

  3. A. though B. or C. if D. till

  4. A. pass B. use C. visit D. build

  5. A. wide B. narrow C. busy D. free

  6. A. what B. why C. when D. where

  7. A. made B. let C. built D. asked

  8. A. see B. keep C. find D. feel

  9. A. used B. made C. spent D. borrowed

  10. A. full of B. fond of C. in spite of D. instead of

  11. A. difficult B. different C. worried D. exited

  12. A. past B. along C. about D. with

  13. A. both B. either C. neither D. not

  14. A. almost B. always C. nearly D. hardly

  15. A. in B. at C. with D. from

  名師點評

  新加坡,一個美麗的國家。但本篇著重介紹新加坡花費大量財力建筑立交橋,以及它們的利弊。最終得出結論,人們應該使用立交橋因為它們對防止交通事故的發生起很大的作用。

  答案簡析

  1.B。本句是定語從句中的第二個小分句,做時特別要注意。意為“在交通擁擠和過馬路不太安全的地方”。

  2.A。make sb. do sth. 其它詞性不對。

  3.A。“效率高”與“不方便”意思上相反,故用though,有“盡管”的意思。

  4.B。 pass與bridge無法搭配,而visit ,build與bridge搭配意思不符。

  5.C。繁忙的馬路。

  6.B。why引導表語從句,意為“這就是……的原因”。

  7.C。建造立交橋.。

  8.C。keep … doing 意為“讓……一直干某事” 。

  9.B。spend…(in) doing 意為“在建立交橋上花費了大量的財力”。

  10.D。建立交橋一方面有利安全,另一方面幫助人們。所以人們應該使用它們,而不是橫穿馬路(有如在建立交橋之前)。instead of “而不是”,“代替”。

  11.A。 老人上下立交橋當然是有點困難,difficult形容詞作賓語補足語。

  12.D。指過去沒有立交橋時,既有人又有車輛過馬路,with“伴有”,“帶有”。

  13.A。兩者都(老年人和年輕人)。

  14.B。建議人們應經常使用立交橋,其它選項在意思上都不對。

  15.D。固定短語stop sb. from doing,本句意為“阻止交通事故的發生。

  初中英語完形填空自測練習題(5)

  The water and the land are thought part of the earth surface (表面). The air is 1 thought a kind of blanket (毯子) 2 the earth. But it is 3 than that. Maybe you have been in a cave (洞穴) 4 in the earth. Did you think about the air that was in the cave? The land has some air mixed in it. Air is even mixed 5 the water in the sea. These examples show that some air is 6 the earth’s surface as well as above it.

  Men once 7 that there were four basic things from which everything else was made. They 8 these things-earth, fire, air and water the four elements (元素). 9 man made more observations, they 10 that fire was not an element. 11 they concluded (得出結論) that land, air and water were not elements, 12 .

  13 , there are more than 100 elements from which scientists believe all things are made. 14 land, air and water are not elements, they are three main parts of man’s environment (環境). You will 15 more about them as you study the earth.

  1. A. usually B. seldom C. never D. sometimes

  2. A. above B. around C. across D. among

  3. A. better B. more C. less D. worse

  4. A wide B. high C. long D. deep

  5. A. at B. in C. with D. to

  6. A. below B. before C. between D. beside

  7. A. found B. thought C. knew D. understood

  8. A. called B. told C. name D. said

  9. A. That B. For C. As D. So

  10. A. believe B. planned C. decided D. want

  11. A. End B. At last C. Hardly D. Nearly

  12. A. too B. neither C. also D. either

  13. A. True B. Read C. In fact D. Correctly

  14. A. When B. As C. Since D. Though

  15. A. exam B. study C. exercise D. know

  名師點評

  本篇著重介紹與人們的生活休戚相關的地球、水、空氣以及人們對它們的認識過程。這是一篇說明文,文章淺顯易懂。

  答案簡析

  1.A。空氣通常被看成是裹在地球外表的毯子。

  2.B。

  3.B。more than固定短語“不僅僅”。

  4.D。根據常識,洞穴當然在地球的深處。

  5.C。固定短語be mixed with。

  6.A。與下文中above的意思相反,即在地表之下。

  7.B。人們誤以為,事實并非如此。

  8.A。他們“稱之為……”told , said 都不準確,而name的時態不對。

  9.C。這里的as有“隨著”的意思,相當于when 。

  10.C。此處decided意為“得出結論”。believe很具有迷惑性,但其時態不對。特別要當心呀。

  11.B。最終得出結論。另外三個選擇都很顯然不對。

  12.D。 either用于否定句,“也不”的意思。

  13.C。 無論是語法結構還是意思只有In fact對。

  14.D。 盡管它們不是元素,但他們是人類環境的三個主要部分。

  15.D。 你會對它們了解得更多。

  初中英語完形填空自測練習題(6)

  Debbie got up early last Saturday morning. She wanted 1 in Green Park with some of her friends. She was very 2 about it. 3 she was ready, she got on her bike and 4 for the park -- it was on the other side of the town. Suddenly, as she was riding fast, she 5 sirens (警笛). The sound of the sirens was getting 6 , so Debbie looked 7 her to see what was happening. As a result (結果), she fell off her bike and lay in the middle of the road. Luckily, Debbie wasn’t hurt, 8 a car hit her bike. After the car 9 , two men got out and started running. 10 , a police car stopped next to the same car and three policemen got 11 and started running 12 the two men. One of the policemen shouted, “Stop the thieves (賊)!”

  13 a policeman came to see Debbie. He thanked her because, in a 14 , she had helped them 15 .

  1. A. goes to skate B. go skating C. going to skate D. to go skating

  2. A. happy B. angry C. sad D. worried

  3. A. While B. As soon as C. If D. As quickly as

  4. A. carried B. left C. went D. leaving

  5. A. heard B. listened to C. found D. saw

  6. A. close and close B. closer and closer

  C. big and big D. bigger and bigger

  7. A. after B. in front of C. behind D. before

  8. A. because B. so C. but D. and

  9. A. fell over B. passed away

  C. turned back D. stopped

  10. A .Few minutes later B. Just then

  C. After an hour D. Very fast

  11. A. in B. of C. out of D. out

  12. A. after B. before C. in front of D. behind

  13. A. In a few days B. Sometimes

  C. Some time later D. At the same time

  14. A. word B. shop C. moment D. way

  15. A. get out of the car B. run after the two men

  C. catch the thieves D. shout at the thieves

  名師點評

  這篇文章寫的是關于一位婦女無意間幫助警察抓獲小偷的故事。讀完我們不禁會說,Debbie這一跤摔得太值得了——不僅抓住了小偷,而且自己毫發無損。

  答案簡析

  1.D。want to do sth 固定短語。

  2.A。要和朋友一起去公園,此時的心情只有“高興”最為適合。

  3.B。她一準備好,就騎上自行車準備出發。As soon as “一……就……”。

  4.B。leave for 離開去某地。D選項形式不對。

  5.A。聽見警笛。意為“聽”這個動作。這里強調“聽見”這個狀態。

  6.B。警笛越來越近。Bigger and bigger很容易被當選,但形容聲音最好用louder and louder。

  7.C。看她的身后。

  8.C。雖然自己沒傷著,但自行車還是被一輛小汽車給撞了。

  9.D。從下文可知,小汽車是停下來了,而不是“走過”或“轉彎”

  10.B。就在這時警察也過來了。其他選項所表達的時間太慢了,根據上下文可知,都是不可能。

  11.D。get out 出來。如果要選C得加一個賓語the car 。

  12.A。run after 追趕,跟在后面跑。

  13.C。應該是在小偷被抓之后,所以這個最為準確。

  14.D。in a way 固定短語,“在某種程度上”。 In a word “總而言之”;in a shop “在商店里”;in a moment 一會兒。

  15.C。是她協助抓住小偷的。

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